An LLL-reduction algorithm with quasi-linear time complexity

Andrew Novocin, Damien Stehlé and Gilles Villard

Abstract: We devise an algorithm, softL1, with the following specifications: It takes as input an arbitrary basis B=(b_i)_i in Z^{d x d} of a Euclidean lattice L; It computes a basis of L which is reduced for a mild modification of the Lenstra-Lenstra-Lovász reduction; It terminates in time O(d^{5+eps} beta + d^{omega+1+eps} beta^{1+eps}) where beta = log max ||b_i|| (for any eps > 0 and omega is a valid exponent for matrix multiplication). This is the first LLL-reducing algorithm with a time complexity that is quasi-linear in the bit-length beta of the entries and polynomial in the dimension d. The backbone structure of softL1 is able to mimic the Knuth-Schönhage fast gcd algorithm thanks to a combination of cutting-edge ingredients. First the bit-size of our lattice bases can be decreased via truncations whose validity are backed by recent numerical stability results on the QR matrix factorization. Also we establish a new framework for analyzing unimodular transformation matrices which reduce shifts of reduced bases, this includes bit-size control and new perturbation tools. We illustrate the power of this framework by generating a family of reduction algorithms.

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