project MOSAR (Mastering hOSpital
Antimicrobial Resistance and its spread into the
community) . Infections caused by
antimicrobial-resistant bacteria (AMRB) account for an
increasing proportion of healthcare-associated
infections, particularly in high-risk units such as
intensive care units and surgery; patients discharged to
rehabilitation units often remain carriers of AMRB,
contributing to their dissemination into longer-term
care areas and within the community. The overall
objective of MOSAR is to gain breakthrough knowledge in
the dynamics of transmission of AMRB, and address highly
controversial issues by testing strategies to combat the
emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance,
focusing on the major and emerging multi-drug
antimicrobial resistant microorganisms in hospitals, now
spreading into the community. Microbial genomics and
human response to carriage of AMRB will be integrated
with health sciences research, including interventional
controlled studies in diverse hospital settings,
mathematical modelling of resistance dynamics, and
health economics. Results from MOSAR will inform
healthcare workers and decision-makers on strategies for
anticipating and mastering antimicrobial resistance. To
achieve these objectives, MOSAR brings together
internationally recognized experts in basic laboratory
sciences, hospital epidemiology, clinical medicine,
behavioural sciences, quantitative analysis and
modelling, and health economics. MOSAR brings together
11 institutions recognized for their leadership in these
areas, from 10 EU Member or Associated States, as well
as 7 SMEs to develop and validate high-throughput
automated molecular tools for detection of AMRB. A high
level of co-ordination will be obtained through a
professionally IT-supported and rigorous management
structure, to achieve optimal synergy of the components
of MOSAR. We aim to develop and validate rapid testing
for AMRB and initiate the clinical trials during the
first 18 months of the project, and then to build on the
infrastructure to execute the joint research programme.
Building a competitive and innovative experimental
facility that brings France to the forefront of Future Internet
FIT (Future Internet of Things) aims to develop an experimental
facility, a federated and competitive infrastructure with international
visibility and a broad panel of customers. It will provide this facility
with a set of complementary components that enable experimentation on
innovative services for academic and industrial users. The project will
give French Internet stakeholders a means to experiment on mobile
wireless communications at the network and application layers thereby
accelerating the design of advanced networking technologies for the
FIT is one of 52 winning projects from the first wave of the French
Ministry of Higher Education and Research's "Équipements d'Excellence"
(Equipex) research grant programme. Coordinated by Professor Serge Fdida
of UPMC Sorbonne Universités and running over a nine-year period, the
project will benefit from a 5.8 million euro grant from the French
The purpose of the SensLAB project is to deploy a very large scale open wireless sensor network platform. SensLAB's main and most important goal is to offer an accurate and efficient scientific tool to help in the design, development, tuning, and experimentation of real large-scale sensor network applications.
SVP . The SVP project addresses the understanding, the conception, and the implementation of an integrated ambient architecture that would ease the optimization in the deployment of surveillance and prevention services in different types of dynamic networks. The main objective is to develop an environment which is able to accommodate a high number of dynamic entities completely dedicated to a specific service. Partners: CEA, ANACT, APHYCARE, INRIA, UPMC/LIP6, LPBEM, Thalès.
A brochure describing the project SVP is available (in french).
A poster describing the project SVP is available (in french).
Self-adaptive and self-organized are questions of
active research in a number of different research
communities, ranging from hardware to
applications. Many topics must be study such as
topology control (addressing, localization, etc.),
data communication (broadcasting, routing, gathering,
etc.), architecture (hardware, system -OS-, network
-communication stacks-, etc.), applications (service
lookup, distributed database, etc.). The RECAP project
is a CNRS national platform which aims to support
research activities in this area.
MALISSE is an
ARC (Cooperative research initiatives) from
INRIA. We believe that for the sake of the credibility of wireless sensor networks and their applicability to a wide range of applications, they should be able to support reliably a number of key functionalities, even in the presence of malicious sensors. Obviously such algorithms need to be themselves adapted to sensor networks and more specifically should take into account sensors’ reduced resources. The objective of this postdoctoral research is to consider the following functionalities in such a setting : (1) collection and aggregation of data observed in the sensor network and their routing to specific nodes ; (2) generation and management of alerts when some of the observed measures reach a given threshold. Obviously, identifying the potential attacks in such a network is an important step of this research. Expected outcomes should be both theoretical (algorithm design and proofs) and practical (simulation and implementation) in order to fully validate the proposed solutions .
The purpose of this ACI is to model (and specify)
large-scale systems as distributed systems, in order
to estimate in which extend the failure tolerance can
be guaranteed in various specific contexts
(e.g. sensors, ad hoc, Grid, etc.). In case
such a guarantee is theoretically possible, this
project will propose implementations that take into
account the requirements of execution
context. Security of Large-scale distributed systems
should not be understood only in terms of AAA
(Authorization, Authentication, Accounting) but must
also take into account the dependability factor.
Large-scale systems (Sensor Networks, Grids, Peer to
Peer Networks, for instance) typically include several
thousands basic elements (computers, processors)
endowed with communication capabilities (low power
radio, dedicated fast network, Internet). Because of
the large number of involved components, these systems
are particularly vulnerable to occurrences of failures
(permanent, transient, intermittent). One definition
of fault tolerance for such Large-scale distributed
systems is the ability to sustain network
functionalities without any interruption due to node
failures. Note that the cause of node failures may be
of different nature: lack of power, physical damage,
sofware or environmental interference, etc.
In this ACI, we will consider two different kinds of
Large-scale systems . On one hand
sensor networks, and on the other hand
Large-scale Grids and Peer to Peer systems.
project WASP (Wirelessly Accessible
Sensor Populations). An important class of
collaborating objects is represented by the myriad of
wireless sensors, which will constitute the
infrastructure for the ambient intelligence vision.
The academic world actively investigates the
technology for Wireless Sensor Networks
(WSN). Industry is reluctant to use these results
coming from academic research. A major cause is the
magnitude of the mismatch between research at the
application level and the node and network level. The
WASP project aims at narrowing this mismatch by
covering the whole range from basic hardware, sensors,
processor, communication, over the packaging of the
nodes, the organisation of the nodes, towards the
information distribution and a selection of
applications. The emphasis in the project lays in the
self-organisation and the services, which link the
application to the sensor network. Research into the
nodes themselves is needed because a strong link lies
between the required flexibility and the hardware
design. Research into the applications is necessary
because the properties of the required service will
influence the configuration of both sensor network and
application for optimum efficiency and
functionality. All inherent design decisions cannot be
handled in isolation as they depend on the hardware
costs involved in making a sensor and the market size
for sensors of a given type. Three business areas,
road transport, elderly care, and herd control, are
selected for their societal significance and large
range of requirements, to validate the WASP results.
The general goal of the project is the provision of a
complete system view for building large populations of
collaborating objects. The system incorporates
networking protocols for wireless sensor nodes to hide
the individual nodes from the application The tangible
results of the project are: (1) A consistent chain of
energy-sensitive software components, (2) Sets of
cross optimised software stacks, (3) Benchmarks and a
set of measurements on energy- and code- efficiency,
(4) Rules for the design of configurable sensor nodes,
and (5) A prototype implementation in one of the three
chosen business areas The consortium consists of six
industrial partners, one SME, six large research
institutes and six universities. All of them have a
proven experience with WSNs. The impact on European
industry and research comes from the provision of an
European alternative to the wireless sensor nodes
originating in the US. The WASP results will be well
suited for adoption by SMEs. The consortium defines an
active programme to approach the appropriate SMEs and
to familiarise them with the WASP results.
describing the project WASP is available.
project DYNAMO (Dynamic Communication Networks). An important class of
COST 295 is an action of the European COST program
(European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research)
inside of the Telecommunications, Information Science and Technology domain (TIST).
The acronym of the COST295 Action, DYNAMO, stands for Dynamic Communication Networks.
The Action is motivated by the need to supply a convincing theoretical framework for the analysis and
control of all modern large networks. This will be induced by the interactions between decentralised
and evolving computing entities, characterised by their inherently dynamic nature.
SAFARI . The goal of this project is to develop
and deploy hybrid network, services and their
integrated architecture. Hybrid networks is the
extension of WLAN/cellular networks using ad hoc
connectivity, ans they offer obvious benefits. On one
hand, they allow an extension of the cellular networks
coverage using ad hoc connectivity and on the other
hand they provide a global Internet connectivity to ad
CRE/FT R&D project on the addresses and routeurs
autoconfiguration in IPv6 SOHO netwoks. This
project in in collaboration with ENST
Bretagne and IMAG .
UTP/ALCATEL project. The main focus of this contract
is to address the concern of operators to lower their
operational expenses (OPEX). Since networks are
converging towards IP technology, we will focus on
this protocol and more specifically to its latest
version: IPv6 and more specifically we will focus on
self-configuration of intelligent routers with respect
to several of their key features: address and routing,
security. This project in in collaboration with ENST Bretagne .
project VTHD /
VTHD++. VTHD: Very High Broadband IP/WDM test
platform for new generation Internet applications. The
VTHD project aims to deploy a broadband IP test
platform to develop the technological bricks that will
be required to deploy second generation Internet and
Intranet networks. The solution retained closely links
objectives for quality of service and bandwidth
capacity by adopting an IP/WDM breakthrough
architecture that makes use of wavelength division
mutliplexing optical technologies but integrating
quality of service models being developed on the
Internet. The viability of the solution retained is
assessed within the framework of real time interactive
services and advanced data applications. The VTHD
project aims to provide a significant contribution in
federating efforts for a new generation Internet..
GASP. Its aim is to offer a portable approach to
develop ASP (Application Service Provider) in a Grid
oriented context. The main idea of GASP (Grid ASP) is
to port and validate real applications and to use on
the shelf "portable" software.
Here are the functionalities added by ourselves in Conference XP.
First of all in the Conference API, we have modified the Multicast to Unicast so as to pass the routers on Internet. The Unicast is optimized and the participants do not send an object to all participants but just to the neighbours in a binary tree. Then, the neighbours transfer it to their neighbours until the entire tree have received the message. With this solution, if an error occurs between two participants, the sender has not to send the object again to everybody; it is the machine transferring which sends the object again to this participant.
The binary tree is an identical array in UdpSender, the update of this array is done when a participant join or leave the venue. At the moment, the array (and the tree) is made in ascending order but after we can imagine an algorithm like pastry (the tree is constructed with the geographical places of the participants).
The transfer of the packet by the neighbours can be implanted neither in the lawyer UDP nor in RTP because of SSRC, sequence number and timestamp errors. So we have implanted the transfer in RtpStream when the object is constructed and deserialized. By doing this, the recipient of the packet think that the machine which has transferred is the sender. This is working well for a presentation but there was a problem in the chat. Actually, each machine prints any message with the transferors name and not the real sender of the message. So, we have added the name of the sender in the message before sending it.
Then, we have added several functionalities in the presentation of BarUI. Now, its possible to take notes with the keyboards. Its also possible to save and load the notes (keyboard and other) on a file, and to save the RTDocument in a file.
We have created a viewer for loading an RTDocument and associated notes to view again a conference without launching BarUI. In this viewer, its possible to export keyboard notes in a text file so as to print it for example.
Now, a participant can arrive later when a presentation has already started, he automatically receives the entire RTDocument. A participant can ask for the notes of somebody, and then the person chosen receives a request, if he accepts it, his notes will be sent to the other participant.
The last thing we have implanted is the difference between a teacher and the students. Actually, the person who opens a presentation is designed to be the teacher, if he writes notes, the students see it but the teacher doesnt see students notes. Only the teacher can go on another slide or close the presentation.
We hope that these functionalities will maybe allow the use of Conference XP in the university in an easier way that it used to be.
Click here to download the source code of our version of ConferenceXP (attention 43 Mo).
Click here to download the setup file of our version of Conference XP (4 Mo).
If you want to see the description of the modification by fonctions, click here.
This project was done by Nicolas Bally, Teddy Bezançon, Aurélien Laurendon, Pierre-Emmanuel Michel, Christophe Monier.
Celtic project : The main focus of AUTONET is to
address the concern of operators to lower their
operational expenses (OPEX). Since networks are
converging towards IP technology, AUTONET will focus
on this protocol and more specifically on its latest
version : IPv6. AUTONET will work on
self-configuration of intelligent routers with respect
to several of their key features: Address planning and
routing protocols, Security and Quality of service.It
is worth noticing that just in adding intelligence
into the router, without any additional management
device, AUTONET will make the network
autonomous. Improving the management of IP networks
with self-registration and self-configuration of
routers shall not introduce new security weakness into
the network. A major concern of the project will be
the security and the safety of the solutions
considered by AUTONET. Security is a recurrent task of
network administration. It must be more and more
distributed, pre-emptive and adaptive when detecting
suspicious behaviour or events. It must survive and
adapt to network configuration changes. AUTONET
proposes to study embedded mechanisms to continuously
improve the protection of its intelligent
routers. These goals of Autonet will be achieved by
the definition of new protocols for self-configuration
and by improvements in the architecture of routers
that will include self-configuration
capabilities. Into a pragmatic approach, AUTONET will
set-up a test bed to test interoperability of all
proposed solutions and their co-existence with legacy
systems (non self-configurable routers and TMN
project is an IST project
and aims to build a high quality video content
distribution solution for TV channels and telecom
operators on ADSL broadband networks. The PROXiTV
technical solution addresses the need of providing real
interactivity to a large public of home users connected
to broadband local loops through PC or TV. The project
will experiment on 3 Jet2web ADSL loops
(Vienna, Linz, Steyr), a set of new services using high
quality video programs from WebFreeTV, a
national Austrian company aggregating TV channels for
Web accesses, and Eurosport TV. The
technical solution, based on multimedia proxy servers
and IP transport network, will be managed by a system
AEROSPATIALE MATRA, with the help of INRIA's expertise in
data transport optimization onto networks. use.
Project SPHID (Services et programmes pour
l'Internet haut débit). Its aim was to design a global
framwork for video production and broadcasting of
multimedia contends on the Internet.
AMARRAGE. Its aims were to define, design,
implement and validate the new concept of active
networks by studying two kinds of applications:
multimedia application and network management and to
set up national test bed.
Developed at INRIA,
is a high-level language, and a problem-solving
environment, for system control, signal processing and
more generally scientific calculations. Several
reasons for Scilab's success can be identified: it is
user-friendly, interactive, hight-level programming
language, powerful graphics, easy extensible via
Scilab packages. If one wants to take advantage of
multiple processors, then one must switch to other
languages and then must develop expert parallel
programming skills. Following the philosophy that has
made Scilab successful, the aim of parallel Scilab is
to provide reasonable efficiency and alow to spawn
Scilab processes on multiple processors of a parallel
computer or a network of workstation or PCS, but put
the premium on ease of use.
OURAGAN is an
ARC (Cooperative research initiatives) from
INRIA. Its main goal was to build Problem Solving
Environments on the Grid and to develop a set of tools
to build computational servers. More specifically, we
focus on the interaction and the developpemnt of tools
suitable for scilab as the end client.
ARC (Cooperative research initiatives) from
INRIA. It's aim was to study multicast protocols
and QoS in ad hoc networks and more generally in